As early as in 2,500 B.C. Chinese began astronomical observation and geographical survey, and gradually formed a world outlook of an “integration of the universe and humanity.”
China produced in its history many outstanding philosophers, thinker, statesmen, strategists, scientists, writers and artists and left us numerous volumes of literatures.
The scene of “contention of a hundred schools of thought” brought forth in the Spring and Autumn Period 2,500 years ago and the Warring State Period over 2,200 years ago and the emergence of various schools of thought and their exponents such as Lao Zi and Confucius about 2,400 years ago all occupy a very important position in the world history of philosophy.
Ancient China made unique contributions to many areas of science including astronomy, calendric system, geography, mathematics, agriculture, medicine and the humanities.
China’s silk weaving porcelain making, metallurgy and shipbuilding reached the world’s advanced level in ancient times.
The Chinese medicine is a unique school of its own.
Particularly, China’s four great inventions of paper making, gunpowder, printing and compass had once changed the face of the world.